Introduction: Diabetes is a common disease with multiple complications that has an increasing trend and affects all aspects of the life of the patients, especially their quality of life. Therefore, considering the chronicity of diabetes and its complications, it causes a lot of material burden on the patient and a decrease in the quality of life in them. Considering that planning to increase the level of health of these patients requires studying on the barriers of their quality of life, this systematic review was conducted with the aim of determining the epidemiological approach to quality of life in diabetic patients.
Materials and Methods: In this systematic review study, in order to achieve the goal of the study and to improve the accuracy of its study and its comprehension, this integrated overview study was conducted based on the Broome method. The purpose of this method was to achieve the purpose of the study and to enhance the study's thoroughness and comprehension. The method is based on three steps in the search of texts, data evaluation and data analysis. In the search phase of the texts, the studies after the retrieval were examined in terms of the criteria for entering the study in four stages. After obtaining the terms of entry into the study, the content of the study is evaluated and at the end the analysis of the data was done.
Results: Several studies have been done on the quality of life of diabetic patients. One study that was conducted in this study was a study that showed a positive and significant correlation between patient's ability with all aspects of their quality of life. Also, there was a significant negative correlation between empowerment and patients age. There was a significant difference in the level of ability of patients according to gender, marital status, type of life, education and income.
Conclusion: According to the results of some studies, it can be said that the level of quality of life in the majority of diabetic elderly people is moderate, and the results of this study show a high need for care in the elderly and emphasize the role of care in improving the health of diabetic elderly. It is also necessary for these patients to be covered in order to receive educational, counseling, care and support services aimed at improving quality of life.
Keywords: Diabetes, quality of life, diabetic patients, epidemiologic approach