http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/issue/feed International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies 2019-02-16T10:22:32-06:00 Innovative Library editor@ijmbs.info Open Journal Systems <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/ijmbseditor/nlm.jpg">&nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/ijmbseditor/ICMJE_newsitem-e1514876485808.jpg" width="224" height="140">&nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/ijmbseditor/icv.jpg"></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<strong><a title="|| Pub-Med NLM ID (URL) ||" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101738825" target="_blank" rel="alternate noopener noreferrer">|| Pub-Med NLM ID (URL) ||</a></strong>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<strong><a title="http://www.icmje.org/journals-following-the-icmje-recommendations/#J" href="http://www.icmje.org/journals-following-the-icmje-recommendations/#J" target="_blank" rel="noopener">&nbsp;ICMJE (URL)||</a></strong>&nbsp; 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Biomedical Studies ||&nbsp;</strong></span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Cell biology, Genetics, Hematology, Pathology, Immunology, Microbiology, Virology, Parasitology, Surgery, Dental Sciences, Sports Physiology,&nbsp;Histopathology, Toxicology and all major disciplines of Biomedical Sciences,&nbsp;Pharmacokinetics,&nbsp;Molecular Drug Design, Phytochemistry, Toxicology, Biomedical Analysis, Clinical Research, Pharmacy Practice, Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, Cell Biology, Genomics and Proteomics, Pharmacogenomics, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology and all major disciplines of&nbsp;Medical and Biomedical Studies.</span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Articles are published as they are accepted and are freely available on the journal’s website to facilitate rapid and broad dissemination of research findings to a global audience.</span></span></p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 'lucida sans unicode', 'lucida grande', sans-serif; text-align: justify;">Top Reasons for publication with us</strong></p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Quick Quality Review:</strong> The journal has strong international team of editors and reviewers, Rapid Decision and Publication</span></span></p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 'lucida sans unicode', 'lucida grande', sans-serif;">Other features:</strong> DIDS and DOI: Assigned and Implemented the Open Review System (ORS).</span></span></p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Important Notice:</strong></span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Author can now directly send their manuscript as an email attachment to <strong><span style="color: #008000;">editor@ijmbs.info</span></strong></span></span></p> <hr> <p>&nbsp;</p> http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/85 “STUDY OF C-REACTIVE PROTEIN, SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE LEVEL AND BIOMARKERS IN RECENTLY DIAGNOSED HYPERTENSION” 2019-02-11T08:25:00-06:00 Sonia Kukreti anilpharma2001@gmail.com Neha Rawat anilpharma2001@gmail.com <p>Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, which results from occlusion of coronary artery. C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute phase protein, synthesized by hepatocytes in response to cytokines released into circulation by activated leukocytes. It is a sensitive marker of coronary infl ammation as well as the extent of myocardial necrosis. We incorporated all the ambulant patients (over 18 years old) of both sex having hypertension and normotension going to in the general outpatient office (OPD) for one month. &nbsp;CRP measurement has many advantages in detection and monitoring the acute phase response.This study showed that mean serum CRP levels were increased in the study group. Among two subgroups, mean CRP level increased signifi cantly in the group with risk factors when compared with another group. Most of the male subjects were in 51 – 60 years old and the female were in 41 - 50 years. &nbsp;Among 75 of male subjects, 64% were hypertensive, and among 35females 61% were hypertensive. Mean CRP level in normotensive gathering was 1.072 mg/L (± 0.320) and in hypertensive gathering was 2.824 mg/L (± 0.258). The individuals who created LVH (n=75, 51.02%), their gauge CRP was 2.767 mg/L (±0.318).</p> <p><strong>Key words: </strong>Acute myocardial infarction, C-reactive protein, Hypertension, superoxide dismutase.</p> 2019-02-11T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/86 “STUDY OF CLINICAL, BIOCHEMICAL AND HEMATOLOGICAL PROFILE IN MALARIA PATIENTS” 2019-02-11T08:41:31-06:00 Neha Rawat anilpharma2001@gmail.com Sonia Kukreti anilpharma2001@gmail.com <p>Points and destinations of current examination were to contemplate the clinical, biochemical and hematological profiles in smear positive jungle fever patients and its connection to prompt result of patient. To investigate the biochemical and hematological awkward nature and its connection with clinical introduction and kind of malarial parasites. To explain the connection of hematological and biochemical changes in kids contaminated with jungle fever and their effect on prompt result of patients.&nbsp; All patients conceded with a finding of intestinal sickness in branch of Pediatrics at Shri Mahant Indiresh Hospital, Dehradun, Uttarakhand amid the examination time of 10 January 2018 to 12 December 2018. Test measure was 109 cases. The investigation was done in the wake of getting a definite history, complete general physical examination and fundamental examination. The patients were exposed to pertinent examinations. The information with respect to understanding points of interest, analysis and examinations is gathered in an uncommonly structured case recording structure and exchanged to an ace graph exposed to measurable techniques like mean, standard deviation, extent, rate computation and wherever fundamental chi square test for extent are utilized.&nbsp; Complete 106 patients were enlisted in study. Complexities of PF (N=32): Jaundice 17%, extreme pallor 22%, thrombocytopenia 28%, leukopenia in 24%, hyponatremia in 30 %, cerebral intestinal sickness in 17% and hyperkalemia in 16%. Intricacies of PV (N=66): Jaundice 21%, serious iron deficiency 21%, thrombocytopenia 19%, leukopenia in 12%, hyponatremia in 45.8%, hyperkalemia in 10%, cerebral intestinal sickness in 11.7% and hypoglycemia in 4.02%.</p> <p><strong>Key words: </strong>Malaria, Smear positive malaria, RFT, LFT, Hemogram</p> 2019-02-11T08:41:31-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/87 “THE EFFECT OF ANTIVIRAL DRUG ON LIFE CYCLE OF HEPATITIS VIRUS B” 2019-02-11T09:04:05-06:00 Rupal Sengar anilpharma2001@gmail.com Shivi Saxena anilpharma2001@gmail.com <p>With up to 400 million influenced individuals around the world, constant hepatitis B infection (HBV) contamination is as yet a noteworthy medicinal services issue. Amid the most recent decade, a few novel helpful methodologies have been produced and assessed. In many locales of the world, interferon-α, and nucleos(t)ide analogs (NUCs) are as of now affirmed. In spite of real enhancements, none of the current treatments is ideal since viral freedom is seldom accomplished. As of late, a superior comprehension of the HBV life cycle and the advancement of novel model frameworks of HBV disease have prompted the improvement of novel antiviral procedures and medication targets. This survey will concentrate on present and potential future medication focuses in the HBV life cycle and systems to balance the virus– have connection.</p> <p><strong>Key Words: </strong>hepatitis B virus, , interferon-α, rcDNA, Antiviral agents.</p> 2019-02-11T09:04:05-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/89 A STUDY OF INCIDENCE OF ANTE-PARTUM HEMORRHAGE AND ITS TYPES AT TERTIARY HEALTH CARE CENTRE 2019-02-14T03:45:56-06:00 Dr Pratibha. Patil akshay_berad@rediffmail.com Dr. Sanjay Patil akshay_berad@rediffmail.com <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Worldwide approximately 830 women die every day from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth; 99% of those 830 daily deaths are women from developing countries.</p> <p><strong>Aims and Objectives:</strong> To Study incidence of ante-partum hemorrhage and its types at tertiary health care centre</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This study was conducted in Medical college &amp; General hospital, in the Department of Obsterics &amp; Gynecology. A Total no. of 104 cases of antepartum hemorrhage admitted in hospital were studied &amp; analyzed .In the present study all patients who had bleeding from genital tract after 20 weeks of gestation &amp; before second stage of labor were included . The data was entered in excel sheets and analyzed and presented in tabular form expressed in percentages.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> In our study we have seen that the majority of the patients were of Placenta previa were 1.39%, followed by Abruption placenta Were -0.93%, Local lesions were 0.05%, Unclassified group were 0.05%, Total APH were - 2.42%, Of the Total No. of deliveries 4307.&nbsp; The majority of the patients were in the age group of 21-25 were -37.50%, 26-30 - 28.84%, 16-20- 20.20%, 31-35- 9.62%, 35 &amp; above were 2.84%. The majority of the patients of APH were of Third party were -25.00%, Second –21.15%, Primi-18.27%, Fourth –16.34%, Fifth and Sixth &amp; above were -9.62%. Placenta previa was more common in Third- 26.67%, followed by Second – 23.33%, and Primi -16.27%. Abruptio placenta placenta was more common in Primi and Third-22.5%, second and fifth was 17.5%, Sixth &amp; above were 12.5%. This observed difference was not statistically significant (p&gt;0.05) .</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>In our study we have seen that the majority of the patients were of Placenta previa, the majority of the patients were in the age group of 21-25, The majority of the patients of APH were of Third party. Placenta previa was more common in Third parity, Abruptio placenta placenta was more common in Primi and followed by Second Third parity.</p> <p><strong>Key words: </strong>Ante-Partum hemorrhage (APH), Abruptio placenta, Placenta previa, Anemia of chronic disease, Microcytic hypochromic anemia.</p> 2019-02-14T03:45:56-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/91 MATERNAL NUTRITION AND WEIGHT GAIN AFFECTING OUTCOME OF PREGNANCY 2019-02-16T03:40:20-06:00 Dr. Pratibha Patil akshay_berad@rediffmail.com Dr. Sanjay Patil akshay_berad@rediffmail.com <p>Poor nutritional status and inadequate food intake during and prior to pregnancy not only affect Women’s health but also have negative impact on growth and development of fetus.&nbsp; The birth weight of an infant is a powerful predictor of growth and survival of infant and is dependent on maternal health and nutritional status, pre-pregnancy weight and general weight gain are all strongly associated with fetal growth and development. So, improving maternal nutrition prior to conception and during pregnancy are potential strategies to improve birth weight. The Present study has been carried out to discuss the circumstances under which the effect of maternal nutrition on birth weight can be observed, and to determine the specific contributors of calories and protein to birth weight.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods: </strong>The present study has been carried out at Teaching Medical College and hospital to find out correlation between various factors responsible for maternal weight gain and nutrition with birth weight of baby and to standardize diet chart for pregnant mothers in rural area. The study included 100 women who were followed up from 8 to 10 week of pregnancy till delivery. Anthropometric measurements including maternal weight, height and total weight gain in pregnancy and infant’s birth weight were recorded and all mothers were interviewed for their bio-social variables. <strong>Results: </strong>The mean birth weight is below 2.4 kg in age &lt;19 years and in 30 years and above, it is &gt;2.5 kg.&nbsp; The mean birth weight in primipara is 2.4 kg and then it gradually increased maximum up to 2.6 kg in multipara. The mean birth weight in 2.4 kg in mothers below 145cm.Above that till 160 cm there is steady increase in birth weight up to 3.08 kg. The mean birth weight was lowest in cases where maternal weight is below 40 kg and it reached maximum 3 kg in weight group 60-69 kg. The mean birth weight is 2.4 kg in weight gain between 5-9 kg and maximum up to 3 kg in weight gain between 15-19 kg. The mean birth weight is 3.2 kg in high socioeconomic group and 2.2 kg in low socioeconomic group.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is definite relation between maternal age, parity, height, pre-pregnancy weight, weight gain during pregnancy, socioeconomic status and daily dietary intake per day and birth weight of baby. So health policies should be aimed at early detection and effective management of under nutrition to reduce the burden of low birth weight babies and there is a need to focus attention on better maternal nutrition and education on birth spacing, early pregnancy and family planning.</p> 2019-02-16T03:40:20-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/84 ASSOCIATION OF HYPOTHYROIDISM AND ANEMIA- STUDY FROM A REGION OF JAMMU AND KASHMIR. 2019-02-11T09:12:21-06:00 Jibran Amin jibraanamin@gmail.com Nusrat Bashir tazeenjeelani@gmail.com Tazeen Jeelani tazeenjeelani@gmail.com Nausrat Ali nausratali@gmail.com Bilal Musharaf Banday bilalmusharaf@gmail.com <p><strong>Background: </strong>Iodine defıciency is the most common cause of hypothyroidism worldwide.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Anemia is often the first sign of hypothyroidism and it is often not diagnosed because hypothyroids have a lower volume of plasma which causes a false high estimation of the amount of haemoglobin in the blood. The anemia observed may be normocytic and normochromic, hypochromic and microcytic, or macrocytic.</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>Material methods: &nbsp;</strong>The study was conducted in the Postgraduate department of Pathology and Department of Medicine, Government Medical College Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir India. It was prospective study, extending over a period of one year from 1st October 2013 to 30th September 2014.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Out of the 70 patients, 13 males were (18.57%) and 57 were females (81.43%) patients resulting in Male: Female ratio of 1:4.4, moreover 38(54.29%) patients presented as subclinical hypothyroidism while as 32(45.71%) patients presented as overt hypothyroidism. Thus more cases of sub-clinical hypothyroidism were seen than overt hypothyroidism in our setting. . Over all grading of anemia in all 38 anemic hypothyroid patients irrespective of gender showed that most of the patients were in the category of moderate anemia (63.16%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>and it was observed that 38 patients had anemia so, frequency of anemia in hypothyroid patients in our setup came out to be 54%. Normocytic normochromic anemia (anemia of chronic disease) was the commonest type of anemia observed in 55.26% of anemic hypothyroid patients followed by macrocytic (21.05%) and microcytic anemia (18.42%).</p> <p><strong>Key words: </strong>Anemia, Hypothyroidism, Anemia of chronic disease, Microcytic hypochromic anemia.</p> 2019-02-08T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/90 PREVALENCE OF SYPHILIS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CLINIC OF BULCHANA HEALTH CENTER, SHASHEMENE, WEST ARSI ZONE, ETHIOPIA 2019-02-14T23:35:57-06:00 Menberu Wubete menberw05@gmail.com Musa Mohammed fire2002tes@gmail.com Mulugeta Mengistu neilmama1@gmail.com Robel Mekonnen robelmekonnen@gmail.com <p><strong>Background</strong>: Syphilis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in pregnancy and it is one of the greatest public health challenges. It is responsible for up to 30% of perinatal mortality. Ethiopia is one of the countries in which sexually transmitted infection (STIs) are highly prevalent. However, the data needed to present a realistic picture of the prevalence of syphilis are limited.</p> <p><strong>Objective</strong>: To determine the prevalence of syphilis among pregnant mothers attending Antenatal Clinic of Bulchana health center, Shashemene, West Arsi Zone, Ethiopia, 2017.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> Health institution based retrospective cross sectional study was conducted from April 01 to June 01, 2017 among women attended Antenatal Clinic of Bulchana health center during the period of 2014 to 2016. Non probability sampling technique was used to recruit study participants.&nbsp; A total of 4346 pregnant women were included in&nbsp; this study. Data was captured by reviewing and observation of a recorded data at the ANC registration book using pre-tested structured check list. Data were entered and cleaned using EpiData version 3.0. and analyzed by SPSS version 21. Binary logistic regression was used and significant variables were further adjusted using multivariate analysis. A <em>p</em>-value &lt;0.05 was considered as level of significance.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> In this study the prevalence of syphilis among pregnant women found to be 1.1% 95%CI [0.8-1.3]. Relatively high prevalence of syphilis 15(1.5%) was observed among age group of 15-19 years. The prevalence of syphilis was high among pregnant women living in rural area 35(1.1%). Being rural dwellers and those with multiple pregnancy, 2-4 and more than 5 pregnancies showed significant association with prevalence of syphilis infection. [(OR=0.68, 95%CI (5.33, 17.32), P=0.04)], [(OR=10, 95% CI(1.36, 74.42), p= 0.02] and&nbsp; [(OR=2.18, 95%CI(1.20, 3.95), p= 0.01],&nbsp; respectively.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The observed seroprevalence of syphilis among women attending ANC still mandates effective health education campaigns to elucidate the risk factors and prevention of syphilis not only to pregnant women but also the public at large. Strengthening service delivery at the provider and facility level to improve prompt access to effective syphilis diagnostic and treatment services is mandatory.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>syphilis, pregnant women, ANC, Shashemene Ethiopia.</em></p> 2019-02-14T23:35:57-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/99 RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF HISTOLOGICAL ANALYSIS AND ITS CORRELATION WITH CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND OUTCOME OF IGA NEPHROPATHY FROM A TERTIARY CENTRE OF GUWAHATI ASSAM. 2019-02-16T10:20:14-06:00 Manjuri Sharma editor@innovativelibrary.info Manzoor Ahmad Parry editor@innovativelibrary.info Hamad Jeelani editor@innovativelibrary.info Pranab Jyoti Mahanta editor@innovativelibrary.info <p><strong>Background</strong>: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is one of the most common glomerular diseases with varied presentations. We aimed to study clinical presentation and outcome of IgAN and correlate with histopathology at the time of presentation.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: This is a retrospective study in which we analyzed kidney biopsy data, clinical manifestations and outcome of 137 patients with a diagnosis of primary IgAN from 2012 to 2016. Kidney biopsies were reviewed as per Oxford classification assessing mesangial hypercellularity, endocapillary hypercellularity, segmental sclerosis/adhesion, tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis. Correlation analysis was done for biopsy findings and clinical presentation/outcome. P score less than 0.05 was taken as significant.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Mean age for presentation was 27.35 years with 83 males and 54 females. Asymptomatic urinary abnormality was the most common clinical presentation (28.5%). Mean serum creatinine was 2.23 ± 2.06mg/dl with mean proteinuria of 1.49 ± 1.43g/day. Mesangial hypercellularity (M) and Endocapillary hypercellularity (E) lesions were significantly associated with proteinuria at the time of biopsy (p=0.02&amp; 0.04 respectively). Segmental glomerulosclerosis (S) and tubular atrophy (T) were significantly associated with eGFR and mean arterial pressure at the time of biopsy. Mean time of follow up was 1.6 years. M1, E0, S1, T0 were the most common lesions. M, S and T lesions in biopsy were significantly associated with decrease in GFR at the end of follow up.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> In our study, most common presentation of IgAN was AUA with rarity of macroscopic hematuria. M, S and T lesions were associated with decreased GFR on follow up.</p> <p><strong>Key words</strong>: IgA Nephropathy, Nephrotic Syndrome, Oxford MEST classification</p> 2019-02-16T10:20:14-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/98 EVALUATION OF ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY PATTERN IN CHRONIC OTITIS MEDIA 2019-02-16T10:20:36-06:00 Sadhana Joshi editor@innovativelibrary.info Gaurav Parashar editor@innovativelibrary.info <p>Background: Chronic otitis media (COM) is defined as chronic inflammation of middle ear and mastoid cavity that may present with recurrent ear discharges or otorrhoea through a tympanic perforation.</p> <p>Methods: A prospective cross sectional analysis was performed using antibiotic susceptibility test.</p> <p>Results: Antibiotic resistance was seen in case of the commonly used antibiotics like ampicillin, amoxicillin, Amoxicillin+Clavulanic acid. Cephalosporins were less commonly used antibiotics and showed resistance in 40.00% cases. Cotrimoxazole showed about 50.00% resistant cases. The less commonly used antibiotic was vancomycin however, showed high sensitivity (100%) followed by Linezolid (92.00%).</p> <p>Conclusion: Atibiotic sensitivity has been changing over time with high levels of resistance to commonly used antibiotics.</p> <p>Keywords: Antibiotic sensitivity, Chronic otitis media, Ear discharge</p> 2019-02-16T10:20:36-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/97 EVALUATION OF ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY PATTERN IN ACUTE TONSILLITIS 2019-02-16T10:21:00-06:00 Sadhana Joshi editor@innovativelibrary.info Gaurav Parashar editor@innovativelibrary.info <p>Background: Tonsillitis is a frequent condition noticed in the ENT department of every hospital. One out of every 10 children visiting the ENT OPD, suffer from acute tonsillitis.</p> <p>Methods: This was a prospective observational study conducted on patients coming with a history of throat pain, pain on swallowing, fever, body ache and other constitutional symptoms.</p> <p>Results: Antibiotic resistance was seen in case of the commonly used antibiotics like ampicillin, amoxicillin, Amoxicillin+Clavulanic acid. Cephalosporins were less commonly used antibiotics and showed resistance in 78.00% cases. Cotrimoxazole showed about 16.00% resistant cases. The less commonly used antibiotic was vancomycin however, showed high sensitivity (100%) followed by Linezolid (92.00%) and Clindamycin (82.00%). Erythromycin showed 76% sensitivity while ciprofloxacin showed a low sensitivity of 40.00% followed by Cephalosporins (22.0%).</p> <p>Conclusion: The antibiotic sensitivity pattern could revolutionize the management of chronic tonsillitis.</p> <p>Keywords: Acute tonsillitis, Antibiotics, Sensitivity</p> 2019-02-16T10:21:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/96 A STUDY ON SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC DETERMINANTS CAUSING ANEMIA IN ADOLESCENT GIRLS IN THE FIELD PRACTICE AREA OF URBAN HEALTH TRAINING CENTRE, RVRS MEDICAL COLLEGE, BHILWARA. 2019-02-16T10:21:24-06:00 Mahesh Kumar Choudary editor@innovativelibrary.info Manmohan Gupta editor@innovativelibrary.info Rachit Saxena editor@innovativelibrary.info Sandeep Kumar Uppadhaya editor@innovativelibrary.info <p>Background: Prevalence of anemia is higher in girls in low socioeconomic status; In addition it gets precipitated by blood loss during menstruation. Anemia in adolescent girls in future attributes to high maternal mortality rate, high incidence of low birth weight babies, high perinatal mortality and fetal wastage.</p> <p>Methods: This was cross-sectional study. All the adolescent girls studying in standards 9th - 12<sup>th</sup> class who were given consent to hemoglobin estimation were included in the study. The girls ≥20 years, and those suffering from any chronic disease were not included in the study. A total of 400 girls were interviewed and were investigated for their Hemoglobin concentration. A predesigned and pretested schedule was used to collect the information about the participants.</p> <p>Results: Most of the girls i.e.388 (97%) belonged to the socioeconomic class II, III, IV. The association between SES and anemia was found statistically significant. The association between mother education and anemia was also found statistically significant but association between type of family and anemia was also found statistically Insignificant.</p> <p>Conclusion: Nutrition education along with nutritional supplementation and iron folic acid tablets should be provided to all girls.</p> <p>Key Words: Adolescent Girls, Anaemia, Socio-Demographic Characteristics, Education</p> 2019-02-16T10:21:24-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/95 TO STUDY KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE & PRACTICES TOWARDS IMMUNIZATION AGAINST HEPATITIS B VIRUS INFECTION AMONGST NURSING STAFF OF M.G. HOSPITAL, BHILWARA 2019-02-16T10:21:48-06:00 Mahesh Kumar Choudary editor@innovativelibrary.info Manmohan Gupta editor@innovativelibrary.info Rachit Saxena editor@innovativelibrary.info Sandeep Kumar Uppadhaya editor@innovativelibrary.info <p>Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a double-stranded circular DNA virus and member of the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses.</p> <p>Methods: This cross sectional study was done on 250 nursing staff. There were total 263 nursing staff in this hospital out of which 250 enrolled voluntarily to participate in this study. The objective, nature and benefits of this study were explained and informed &amp; written consent was taken from all participants. All nursing staff were interviewed structured self-completed quaternaries.</p> <p>Results: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is an occupational health hazard preventable by vaccination. 78% of nursing staff know that Hep B is a vaccine preventable. 42% of participants knew that getting vaccinated offers a protection from infection for 15 years.&nbsp; 16% of nursing staff are aware that a titre value of more than 10 ml U/ml is needed for protection from Hepatitis B infection. 84% of nursing staff are willing to motivate others and encourage them to get vaccinated against Hepatitis B.</p> <p>Conclusion: This study highlighted the need to have nursing staff educated regarding significance of immunization against vaccine preventable disease. Keywords- Hepatitis, Immunization, Liver,</p> 2019-02-16T10:21:48-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/94 TO STUDY THE FACTORS INFLUENCING ANEMIA AMONG ADOLESCENT GIRLS 2019-02-16T10:22:09-06:00 Garima Gupta editor@innovativelibrary.info Pinky Dhariwal editor@innovativelibrary.info <p>Background: The prevalence depends on the socio demographic conditions, food intake patterns, cultural beliefs and is quite heterogeneous across the country</p> <p>Methods: This was cross-sectional study. A total of 100 girls were interviewed and were investigated for their Hemoglobin concentration. A predesigned and pretested schedule was used to collect the information about the participants.</p> <p>Results: The association between SES and anemia was found stastically significant. The association between mother education and anemia was also found stastically significant but association between type of family and anemia was also found stastically Insignificant.</p> <p>Conclusion: Nutrition education along with nutritional supplementation and iron folic acid tablets should be provided to all girls.</p> <p>Key Words: Adolescent Girls, Anaemia, Socio-Demographic Characteristics, Education</p> 2019-02-16T10:22:09-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/93 STUDY TO FIND OUT THE EFFICACY OF 6 MINUTE WALK TEST IN ASSESSING RESPONSE TO MEDICAL INTERVENTION IN CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE PATIENTS 2019-02-16T10:22:32-06:00 Dinesh Gurjar editor@innovativelibrary.info Mukesh Gupta editor@innovativelibrary.info Harish Sharma editor@innovativelibrary.info Sunil Pathak editor@innovativelibrary.info <p>Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung condition which is a result of long term inflammation of the lung tissues, especially the airways. COPD manifests with respiratory symptoms like breathlessness, effort intolerance, cough with expectoration and in severe cases respiratory arrest, respiratory failure or heart failure.</p> <p>Methods: We included 50 patients with stable COPD attending the outpatient department in the stipulated study period and diagnosis of COPD was established by clinical symptoms and spirometric data of ratio of FEV&nbsp;<sub>1</sub>&nbsp;and forced vital capacity (FVC) ≤ 0.7.&nbsp;</p> <p>Results: The 6 minute walk distance (6MWD) of the patients were assessed once the health status of the patients have been stabilized. This was done under strict monitoring, just before discharge of the patient from the hospital. Participants aged less than 60 years had a 6MWD of 342 m while those aged above 60 years clocked 291 m. With regards to gender, males had significantly higher 6 MWD when compared to females.</p> <p>Conclusions: 6MWT can be a useful replacement of spirometry in assessment of severity of COPD.</p> <p>Key words: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, six-minute walk test, spirometric indices, severity</p> 2019-02-16T10:22:32-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##