EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF INTRA-CRANIAL HEMORRHAGES IN FATAL ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN CASES FROM BIHAR REGION
Among all the regional injuries, the injury to the head and neck are the most important in forensic practice. The external injury on the head and face may or may not be representative of the extent of the internal injury. A sound practical understanding of the neuro pathological trauma is more essential for forensic pathologist because head injuries provide the major contribution of the death due to assaults, falls and transportation accidents. Hence based on above findings the present study was planned for Evaluation of Different Types of Intra-Cranial Haemorrhages in Fatal Road Traffic Accidents in Cases from Bihar Region.
The present study was planned in Department of Forensic Medicine, Government Medical College, Bettiah, West Champaran, Bihar, India from nov 2018 to oct 2019. Total 50 cases of the road traffic accident victims were evaluated in the present study identified with the intracranial haemorrhages. A pretested pro-forma specially designed for this purpose was needed to extract information by interrogating police personnel accompanying the victim as well as friends, relatives and neighbours, eye witness of accident, and other who accompanied victim and had first-hand knowledge about the event.
The data generated from the present study concludes that RTAs were more common in the younger age groups and in male sex. Head injury was the major cause of death in majority cases of RTAs mostly due to Subdural and Subarachnoid Haemorrhages. This further shows the need of strict implementations of rules for controlling the speed of vehicle. Government and public should identify local safety problems. Apart from measure to improve the road environment, increase the traffic awareness among the public and use of available safety measure, a realistic mechanism to move the victims to well-equipped trauma centre as soon as possible may help towards curbing the incidence of road traffic fatalities.
Keywords: Intra-Cranial Haemorrhages, Fatal, Road Traffic Accidents, RTA, Bihar Region, etc.