ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CLINICAL RESULTS AND LABORATORY STUDIES OF ADULT PATIENTS WITH ANAEMIA IN TERTIARY CARE CENTER
Keywords:Anaemia, Koilonychia, Hemoglobin.
Background: Anaemia is a common public health concern linked to an raised risk of morbidity and mortality. 1.62 billion Individuals are anaemic worldwide, while the prevalence of anaemia is 47.4 percent among pre-school children.
Aims and Objectives: Analysis of the relationship between clinical results and laboratory investigations in tertiary health care centres of adult patients with anaemia.
Methodology: This research was carried out over a period of two years in a tertiary healthcare centre within the Department of Pathology. 200 patients who were admitted for investigation and treatment of anaemia and who met the appropriate requirements were included in the study during this time. Adult males and females (15-60 years) were included in the sample with a haemoglobin level of less than 10 percent gm. All investigations were conducted as per the signs, such as USG, X-ray, CBC, Bone marrow, KFT, LFT, etc.
Result: We saw in our research that the majority of patients were in the 56-60 age range. The majority of patients had a Hb level of 2.1 percent to 4 gm. In 186, exhaustion was the commonest symptom, followed in 136 by dyspnea. Pallor in 200 was the most prevalent presenting sign. Diamorphic was the commonest type of anaemia-96% of the cases was followed by megaloblastic anaemia in 40% of the cases.
Conclusion: It can be inferred from our analysis that most patients were in the 56-60 age group. The commonest symptoms were anorexia, fatigue and dyspnea. Pallor & Oedema were the commonest presenting symptoms.
Keywords: Anaemia, Koilonychia, Hemoglobin.
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