EFFECT OF 8 WEEKS OF YOGA ON ANTHROPOMETRY PARAMETERS IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS: A RANDOMIZED CONTROL STUDY.
Keywords:Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (Type 2 DM), Body Mass Index (BMI), Yoga, Pranayama
Yoga by definition means controlling the modifications of mind. It is also understood as a therapy for health and fitness. Hence, yoga has proved to be of immense help in various lifestyle disorders such as Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (Type 2 DM). Yoga is also known to reduce stress which is one of the main risk factors in the development of insulin resistance. In this study, we analysed the effect of yoga in known type 2 diabetic patients attending regular medicine Out-Patient Department (OPD) and receiving routine therapy.
Research Design and Methods:
Setting: Follow-up, randomized control study done in a tertiary care hospital.
Participants: 60 Type 2 diabetic patients, between 35-55 years of age, were randomly and equally divided into Group I (yoga) and Group II (controls), age and sex matched. Group II received only routine therapy for DM and Group I underwent yoga therapy along with the routine therapy for 8 weeks. Both groups were assessed twice (pre? and post?study).
Statistical Analysis: ANOVA (Repeated measure) followed by Tukey’s test. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results were expressed as mean ± SD.
Results: After 8 weeks of yoga, Group I patients showed a significant improvement in their BMI as shown by reduced body weight.
Conclusions: Yoga can be used as an adjunct to the routine treatment for Diabetes Mellitus (DM) as it is not rigorous and so, is far superior than other forms of exercise in comparatively older subjects.
Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (Type 2 DM), Body Mass Index (BMI), Yoga, Pranayama.