FETO-MATERNAL OUTCOME OF CAESAREAN SECTION DURING SECOND STAGE OF LABOR IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
Keywords:Caesarean complications, emergency caesarean section, maternal morbidity, neonatal morbidity
Aim: To highlights the maternal and neonatal outcome of caesarean section in second stage of labour.
Methods: This prospective observational study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Government Medical College and Hospital Bettiah, Bihar, India from December 2017 to December 2018. total of 24600 women delivered by caesarean section, 16800 emergency and 7800 elective cases. Of these 400 were at full cervical dilatation, >37 weeks gestation with a singleton fetus in cephalic presentation. All caesarean sections performed at full cervical dilatation over the time period of 1 year at a government hospital were included.
Results: Among the 400 patient’s majority of them were in the age group of 20-30 years (72.5%). about 75.5% of the patients were primigravidae and only the remaining 24.5% were multigravida. The commonest indications for doing caesarean section in the second stage of labour were cephalo pelvic disproportion, fetal distress and obstructed labour. Incidence of PPH is 48 out of 400 cases (12%). Post-operative wound infection was seen in 23(5.75%) and Post-operative fever was seen in 70(17.5%) out of 400 cases. There were no cases of maternal deaths reported. The mean operative time was 52.9 min .The mean length of hospital stays was 6.6 days. Mean weight of the babies of the second stage caesarean section was 3.2 kg.
Conclusions: Caesarean sections done in second stage of labour are associated with several intra-operative maternal complications and neonatal morbidity.
Keywords: Caesarean complications; emergency caesarean section; maternal morbidity; neonatal morbidity
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