ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF DEMENTIA ON THE LIFE OF CAREGIVERS AND EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION IN PATIENTS WITH DEMENTIA
Keywords:Dementia, quality of life, educative intervention.
Introduction: Memory impairment associated with age (DEMAE) is a relatively benign disorder, which can be quite common due to the fact that it is linked to normal aging and the evident increase in life expectancy in the world and national, with a larger population of elderly people and the consequent increase in chronic diseases, typical of this population segment.
Objective: To evaluate the result of an educational intervention in patients with mild dementia and its impact on the quality of life of the caregiver.
Methods: An educational intervention was carried out on patients with a diagnosis of mild dementia in the Madruga municipality from September 2015 to February 2016. The universe was made up of 110 elderly people. The sample consisted of 16 patients who were assigned to the study group together with the 16 caregivers and 16 to the control group by random assignment. Variables such as cognitive impairment, associated symptoms, and quality of life were controlled. The information was collected from interviews, caregiver surveys and the Minimental Test that were applied to the patients before and after the intervention.
Results: The negativism, fear, distractibility and communication of patients improved. A slowing of cognitive decline was found in the study group and progressed in the control group. The caregiver's quality of life improved.
Conclusions: Behavioral symptoms improved, the evolution of the disease was delayed in the study group and progressed in the control group. The caregiver's quality of life improved.
Keywords: Dementia; quality of life; educative intervention.
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