HISTOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY OF BENIGN AND MALIGNANT LESIONS OF UTERUS AND CERVIX IN HYSTERECTOMY SPECIMENS
Keywords:Leiomyoma, histopathology, spectrum, uterus, cervix, hysterectomy
Background: The present study was aimed to obtain insight into the varied histopathological patterns of lesions of uterus and cervix in hysterectomy specimens and their age-wise distribution in Index MedicalCollege, Hospital and Research Center.
Methodology: This was anobservational study conducted on 100 cases of hysterectomy specimens received at tertiary care hospital Indore. All the specimen was subjected to detailed gross and histopathological examination.
Results: Mean age of patients was 44.78±8.64 years. The most common age group was 41-50yrs (42%). Maximum cases were diagnosed as AUB/ DUB/Menorrhagia (31%) followed by fibroid uterus (28%). Uterus was bulky in 70%, cut sections revealed single fibroid in majority i.e. 39% cases and endometrium was in proliferative phase (early 12%, mid 30%, late 19%). Most common histopathological diagnosis of uterus was leiomyoma in 39% cases whereas chronic nonspecific cervicitis (47%) was most common histological diagnosis of cervix. Intramural leiomyoma were most common and were associated with degenerative changes in 33 cases. Hyaline degeneration was observed in maximum cases.
Conclusion: The most common indication for hysterectomies in our institution is excessive uterine bleeding. Fibroid uterus as the cause of bleeding is the most common pathology for which hysterectomy is performed. Chronic cervicitis is the most common finding and Adenomyosis continued to be missed preoperatively and diagnosed postoperatively on histopathological examination. Every hysterectomy specimen should be subjected to histopathological examination to confirm various pathological lesions.
Keywords: Leiomyoma, histopathology, spectrum, uterus, cervix, hysterectomy
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