• Asma Ismail Alismail King Faisal University, College of Medicine, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.



Anemia, CKD, Al-Ahsa


Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), defined as renal damage with persistent and usually progressive deterioration of ultrafiltration, is a worldwide public health problem. Is considered as a significant risk factor for end-stage renal disease, anemia, cardiovascular disease, and premature death. The aging of the population and the generally increasing rates of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes worldwide suggest that the incidence and prevalence of CKD will rise over the next decades.

Materials and Method: The data will consider all patients visiting outpatient’s department at the primary health center attached to King Faisal University in Al-Ahsa 

between 1st January 2010 and 31st December 2011. From the patients` files, we was record the age, gender, GFR, stages of CKD and state of anemia.

Results: In this study, 49.3% of participants were male, and 50.7% was female—only 2.6% of participants on hemodialysis. The prevalence of anemia among the participants in our study was 55.5%. According to the results of the participants in this research, the mean age was 57.82, with a standard deviation of 17.067. The mean Hemoglobin of the participants was 11.775, with a standard deviation of 2.5334. The mean results of the participants by using CKD-EPI formula, to calculate GFR was 74.496 with a standard a deviation of 36.6787, which was the lowest mean of GFR. In Quadratic EGFR formula that was used to calculate GFR, the mean was 84.47 with a standard deviation of 35.677, which was the highest mean of GFR. DMRD formula was also used in this research to calculate the GFR, with a mean of 78.84 with a standard deviation of 50.371. Conclusions: In our data analysis, 100% of patients in the end stage of CKD had anemia although we used three different formulas to calculate GFR; however, the result was the same regarding patients in the end-stage. A surprising fact was found looking to other stages of CKD, and it is a correlation with anemia, the analysis of the data in this study did not show an increasing number of anemic patients to the stage of CKD in a stepwise manner.

Keyword: Anemia, CKD, Al-Ahsa




How to Cite

Alismail, A. I. . (2021). PREVALENCE OF ANEMIA IN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE PATIENTS. International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies, 5(2).