A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MIFEPRISTONE AND MISOPROSTOL VERSUS MISOPROSTOL ALONE IN INDUCTION OF LABOUR IN LATE INTRAUTERINE FETAL DEATH
Keywords:IUFD, mifepristone, misoprostol, induction of labour, induction-delivery interval.
Objective: To compare efficacy, safety and tolerance of combination of Mifepristone and Misoprostol versus Misoprostol alone in induction of labour in late intrauterine fetal death (>24 weeks).
Methods: This prospectively study included 160 women with late intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) after 24 weeks of gestation and divided the women randomly into two groups each containing 80 women. In Group-A : Mifepristone 200 mg single dose was given and after 24 hrs Tab Misoprostol (intravaginally) administered and repeated 4 hourly upto a maximum of 5 doses, while in Group-B : Only Tab Misoprostol administered intravaginally 4 hourly upto maximum 5 doses. Induction-delivery interval and number of doses of Misoprostol was calculated.
Results: The mean induction-delivery interval in Group-A was 13.02 ± 3.74 hours and in Group-B was 16.09 ± 2.99 hours (p-value <0.0001). Mean doses of Misoprostol required in Group-A was 3.36 ± 1.08 hours and in Group-B was 4.32 ± 0.65 hours (p-value <0.0001).
Conclusion: Combination of Mifepristone and Misoprostol is more effective as comparison to Misoprostol in terms of induction-delivery interval and number of doses of misoprostol required.
Keywords: IUFD, mifepristone, misoprostol, induction of labour, induction-delivery interval.
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