A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MIFEPRISTONE AND MISOPROSTOL VERSUS MISOPROSTOL ALONE IN INDUCTION OF LABOUR IN LATE INTRAUTERINE FETAL DEATH

Authors

  • Shivpal Moond Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • K.P. Banerjee Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Rakhi Arya Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32553/ijmbs.v5i2.1756

Keywords:

IUFD, mifepristone, misoprostol, induction of labour, induction-delivery interval.

Abstract

Objective: To compare efficacy, safety and tolerance of combination of Mifepristone and Misoprostol versus Misoprostol alone in induction of labour in late intrauterine fetal death (>24 weeks).

Methods: This prospectively study included 160 women with late intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) after 24 weeks of gestation and divided the women randomly into two groups each containing 80 women. In Group-A : Mifepristone 200 mg single dose was given and after 24 hrs Tab Misoprostol (intravaginally) administered and repeated 4 hourly upto a maximum of 5 doses, while in Group-B : Only Tab Misoprostol administered intravaginally 4 hourly upto maximum 5 doses. Induction-delivery interval and number of doses of Misoprostol was calculated.   

Results: The mean induction-delivery interval in Group-A was 13.02 ± 3.74 hours and in Group-B was 16.09 ± 2.99 hours (p-value <0.0001). Mean doses of Misoprostol required in Group-A was 3.36 ± 1.08 hours and in Group-B was 4.32 ± 0.65 hours (p-value <0.0001).

Conclusion: Combination of Mifepristone and Misoprostol is more effective as comparison to Misoprostol in terms of induction-delivery interval and number of doses of misoprostol required.   

Keywords: IUFD, mifepristone, misoprostol, induction of labour, induction-delivery interval.

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Published

2021-02-18

How to Cite

Moond, S. ., Banerjee, K. ., & Arya, R. . (2021). A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MIFEPRISTONE AND MISOPROSTOL VERSUS MISOPROSTOL ALONE IN INDUCTION OF LABOUR IN LATE INTRAUTERINE FETAL DEATH. International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.32553/ijmbs.v5i2.1756

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