STUDY OF FINGERPRINT PATTERN IN RELATION TO GENDER AND BLOOD GROUP IN JHALAWAR REGION

Authors

  • Ramrekh Dhaker Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Jhalawar Medical College Jhalawar (Rajasthan)
  • Ramakant Varma Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Jhalawar Medical College Jhalawar (Rajasthan)
  • Vabhav Bhatnagar Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Jhalawar Medical College Jhalawar (Rajasthan)
  • Mukesh Kumar Meena Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Jhalawar Medical College Jhalawar (Rajasthan)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32553/ijmbs.v5i9.2186

Keywords:

Fingerprints, Loops, Whorls, Arches, Blood Group, Pattern, Gender

Abstract

Dermatoglyphics, the study of epidermal ridges on palm, sole, and digits, is considered as most effective and reliable evidence of identification. Finger prints are the impressions made by fine ridges present on finger tips which are highly individualistic. The fingerprint ridges develop between 2nd and 3rd months of intra uterine life and remain unchanged in an individual throughout life. Out of many blood grouping systems available, ABO and Rh systems are the most important and are considered for the present study. Due to the immense potential of fingerprints as an effective method of identification an attempt has been made in the present work to analyse their correlation with gender and blood group of an individual. This study is carried out on 100 subjects (50 male and 50 female) having different ABO blood groups and belonging to different age groups. All the 10 fingerprints are taken and divided into loops, whorls, arches and composite. The results show that majority of the subjects belonged to blood group O. The fingerprint pattern of loops is most commonly found followed by whorls, arches and composite. Loops are higher in males whereas whorls and arches are found more in females. Composites are being in same proportion in both sexes. Highest frequency of loops is seen in O positive blood group followed by B positive. Among loops ulnar loops are predominant.

Keywords: Fingerprints, Loops, Whorls, Arches, Blood Group, Pattern, Gender.

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Published

2021-09-06

How to Cite

Dhaker, R. ., Varma, R. ., Bhatnagar, V. ., & Meena, M. K. . (2021). STUDY OF FINGERPRINT PATTERN IN RELATION TO GENDER AND BLOOD GROUP IN JHALAWAR REGION. International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies, 5(9). https://doi.org/10.32553/ijmbs.v5i9.2186

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