SIGNIFICANCE OF SACRAL INDEX IN SEX DETERMINATION
Keywords:Sacrum, Sex, Index
Background: The objective of present study is to determine the significance of sacral index in sex determination
Methods: Descriptive Observational Cross-sectional study conducted at Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Dr. S. N. Medical College,Jodhpur, Rajasthan (India)
Results: The mean sacral index of sacrum in males is (99.68± 7.15) and in females (109.86±8.72). Calculated range for males is (78.23-121.13)and Demarking point is <83.70. Calculated range for females is (83.70-136.02) and Demarking point is >121.13. ‘P’- Value is 0.000 which isconsidered to be statistically highly significant. Bone identified by DP is (27.77%) males and (33.92%) females.
Conclusion: Since sacrum is a component of pelvic girdle with Anatomical difference between the two sexes, it itself becomes important for identification of sex in human skeleton system. The study will be useful for the anatomist, anthropologist & experts in the forensic medicine foraccurate sexing of sacra & various other clinical tenacities. The sacral index is most reliable in sexing of sacra.
Keywords: Sacrum, Sex, Index
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