A STUDY TO ASSESS OCCURRENCE OF NON ALCOLOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE AND LIVER FIBROSIS IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS AND THE ASSOCIATED FACTORS
Keywords:DM, NAFLD, BMI.
Background: This study aimed to evaluate the burden of NAFLD and severe fibrosis among DM population.
Methods: It was a hospital based observational and cross-sectional study. Upgraded department of General Medicine, SMS Medical College andAttached Hospitals, (Jaipur).
Results: Out of 100 patients 48 patients did not have NAFLD while 52 patients had NAFLD. Thus proportion of NAFLD in diabetic patients was quite high (52%). Out of 52 NAFLD patients 27 patients (51.9%) had mild liver fibrosis, 14 patients (26.9%) had significant fibrosis and 11 patients (21.2%) had severe liver fibrosis. Thus proportion of NAFLD patients with significant and severe fibrosis was quite high (26.9% and 21.2%respectively).
Conclusion: From the study it can be concluded that the prevalence of NAFLD in adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in department ofmedicine at S. M. S. Hospital, Jaipur is 52% and moderate and severe fibrosis is found in 26.9% and 21.2% patients respectively among them. BMI and the waist circumference are the factors in our study that have shown association with the incidence of NAFLD in type 2 DM patients.
Keywords: DM, NAFLD, BMI.
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