Prevalence of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Oral Cavity at Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital Period of 2019-2020
Background: International Agency Data for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2018 showed that cancer of the lips and oral cavity was ranked the 17th most common cancer in the world, there were 354,864 new cases of oral cancer in the world and cases of death from oral cancer were 177,384. case. New cases of oral cancer in Indonesia in 2018 were 5,078 cases and cases of death caused by oral cancer were 2,326 cases. Research on the characteristics of squamous cell carcinoma in the oral cavity in Indonesia is still relatively low.
Objective: To analyze the prevalence of squamous cell carcinoma patients in the oral cavity at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung from January 2019 to December 2020.
Methods: Retrospective observational study by taking medical record data of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma which had been clarified from histopathological results at the Oral Surgery Clinic, Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. The sampling process was carried out using a purposive sampling method. The variables in this study were age, gender, location of the lesion, histopathological features, duration of the lesion and the complications caused. Data analysis using Microsoft Excel program.
Results: The number of respondents aged 25-36 years as many as 4 people or 14%, ages 37-48 years as many as 7 people or 24%, and ages over 48 years as many as 18 people or 62%. There were 12 male patients or 41% and 17 female patients or 59%. Patients with a history of smoking as many as 10 people or 33%, a history of chronic irritation as many as 6 people or 20% and others as many as 14 people or 20%. The results of anatomical pathology showed that patients with poorly differentiated were 0 people or 0%, moderately differentiated were 9 people or 41%, well differentiated were 12 people or 55%, and others were 1 person or 4%.
Conclusion: The age criteria of patients with the most squamous cell carcinoma are over 48 years old as many as 18 people or 62%. Based on the gender criteria, the patients with the highest incidence of squamous cell carcinoma tumors were 17 people or 59% female. anatomical pathology well differentiated as many as 12 people or 55%.Keywords: squamous cell carcinoma, oral cancer, patient characteristics
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