Background: Obstructive Airway Disease also imposes economic burden and increase the out of pocket expenditure of the patient and the country.(1) In previous researches it was found that obstructive Airway Disease were reported frequently and often present with complications. The most commonly seen obstructive airway diseases are COPD, Asthma, Bronchitis, Bronchiolitis and Bronchiectasis.
Material & Methods: In the present study100 Asymptomatic Patients with not previously diagnosed Obstructive Airway disease and patients with no evidence of any physical disease were included in the study. Clearance from Institutional Ethics Committee was taken before start of study. Written informed consent was taken from each study participant.
Results: Out of the total, 15 (20.3%) of the male population and 3 (11.5%) of the female population had asymptomatic airflow obstruction with statistically significant difference (P value <0.05). Out of the total on the basis of distribution according to BMI (Kg/m2), 7 (15.5%) patients had airflow obstruction among lower BMI population and 11 (20%) patients had airflow obstruction among higher BMI population with statistically non-significant difference (P value >0.05). ). Out of the total on the basis of distribution according to weight, 4 (11.1%) patients had airflow obstruction among age <50 years population and 14 (21.8%) patients had airflow obstruction among age >50 years population with statistically significant difference (P value <0.05).
Conclusion: There was high burden of undiagnosed asymptomatic obstructive airway disease reported among patients who were males, higher age and had higher BMI. Patients who were current smokers had maximum airflow obstruction in compared to patients who never had smoking habit and patients who were ex-smokers.
Key words: Obstructive Airway Disease, COPD, Spirometry.