https://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/issue/feed International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies 2021-06-11T10:48:06-04:00 IJMBS editor@ijmbs.info Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Aims and Scope</strong></p> <p>International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies&nbsp;(IJMBS) is an international, peer-reviewed, open access, online journal dedicated to the rapid publication of full-length original research papers, short communications, invited reviews, Case studies and editorial commentary and news, Opinions &amp; Perspectives and Book Reviews written at the invitation of the Editor in all areas of the Medical and Biomedical Studies.</p> <p>International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies&nbsp;is an academic journal which aims to publish complete and reliable source of information in the field of medical research providing the fundamental knowledge for further research.&nbsp;<em>IJMBS</em>&nbsp;commits to publish the results of researches in medical practice, risk factors and preventive medicine, safety and effectiveness of treatments, and diagnostic tools that are used to treat any disease. Our journal aims to attract an international audience of Medicine professionals enthusiastic to the most updated and substantial medical progress through the full spectrum of medical research.</p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Medical Studies||&nbsp; Biomedical Studies ||&nbsp;</strong></span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Anatomy, Physiology, Anesthesia,<strong>&nbsp;</strong>Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Cell biology, Genetics, Hematology, Pathology, Immunology, Microbiology, Virology, Parasitology, Surgery, Dental Sciences, Sports Physiology,&nbsp;Histopathology, Toxicology and all major disciplines of Biomedical Sciences,&nbsp;Pharmacokinetics,&nbsp;Molecular Drug Design, Phytochemistry, Toxicology, Biomedical Analysis, Clinical Research, Pharmacy Practice, Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, Cell Biology, Genomics and Proteomics, Pharmacogenomics, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology,&nbsp;Agriculture, Herbal Medicine, Orthopaedics and all major disciplines of&nbsp;Medical and Biomedical Studies.</span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Articles are published as they are accepted and are freely available on the journal’s website to facilitate rapid and broad dissemination of research findings to a global audience.</span></span></p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 'lucida sans unicode', 'lucida grande', sans-serif; text-align: justify;">Top Reasons for publication with us</strong></p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Quick Quality Review:</strong> The journal has strong international team of editors and reviewers, Rapid Decision and Publication</span></span></p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 'lucida sans unicode', 'lucida grande', sans-serif;">Other features:</strong> DIDS and DOI: Assigned and Implemented the Open Review System (ORS).</span></span></p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Important Notice:</strong></span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Author can now directly send their manuscript as an email attachment to <strong><span style="color: #008000;">editor@ijmbs.info</span></strong></span></span></p> <hr> <p>&nbsp;</p> https://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/1934 The AUDITORY REACTION TIME MEASUREMENT WITH OBSERVER-BASED PSYCHOPHYSICAL PROCEDURE 2021-06-02T13:08:15-04:00 Yasam Yildirim Baskurt yasambaskurt@gmail.com Gunay Kirkim yasambaskurt@gmail.com <p>Reaction is defined as a behavioral response to a stimulus. The stimulus can be auditory or visual. Reaction time (RT) is determined as the time between the onset of the stimulus and response. According to this definition, the auditory RT is the time between the auditory stimulus and the response. Simple reaction time has been the subject of comparison of many different groups with both auditory and visual stimuli. When the simple auditory and visual RT in normal hearing individuals are compared, it has been observed that the auditory RT is faster than visual reaction. Auditory RT in womens's was observed slower than men. In many different studies, average values are 180-200 ms for visual RT and 140-160 ms for auditory RT with normal hearing and sighted individuals.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Reaction Time, Cochlear Implant, Hearing loss</p> 2021-06-08T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies https://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/1948 COMPARISON OF DURATION OF SURGERY AFTER SINGLE DOSE ANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXIS AT DIFFERENT TIME INTERVAL IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING ELECTIVE LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY 2021-06-11T10:34:53-04:00 Suneet Katoch editor@ijmbs.info Mukesh Kumar Jamwal editor@ijmbs.info Sanjay Kumar editor@ijmbs.info <p>Background: In this study we compare the duration of surgery &nbsp;&nbsp;after single dose antibiotic prophylaxis at different time interval in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy</p> <p>Methods: The present study was conducted at Department of Surgery, Dr RPGMC Kangra at Tanda. The 50 patients admitted for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, aging less than 75 &nbsp;years of both the genders were included</p> <p>Results: In the present study, mean duration of surgery of the patients in group A and group B was 59.80±15.91 minutes and 63.12±12.50 minutes</p> <p>Conclusion: Our study we concluded that mean duration of surgery difference was not statistically significant between group A and group B.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> &nbsp;Duration of surgery, Cholelithiasis, &nbsp;Cholecystectomy.</p> 2021-06-11T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies https://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/1944 SOCIAL PHOBIA (SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER) DURING COVID-19 IN MEDICAL INTERNSHIP STUDENTS 2021-06-09T04:15:11-04:00 Nidhi Dixit varuny.indore09@gmail.com Vishal Choubey varuny.indore09@gmail.com Samir N Desai varuny.indore09@gmail.com <p><strong>Background &amp; </strong><strong>Method: </strong>A cross sectional study was conducted on 100 internship students (50 male and 50 female students). To assess Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder) during COVID-19 Pandemic in medical internship students based on determination of frequency, quantifying the symptoms, severity &amp; socio demographic profile, duration of study – conducted from May to July 2020.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>In our study we found, social phobia present in 44% in males &amp; 38% in females. ?2 = 7.714, p = 0.05, Highly significant.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> According to my study, frequency of Social Phobia is 82% during COVID-19 in medical internship students. Our study suggests that during COVID-19, mild and moderate degree of social phobia is maximum in medical interns of both sexes. Proper psycho education along with sessions of applied relaxation and social skills training was given to medical internship students because of their high prevalence of social anxiety disorder during COVID-19 which was quite successful.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> social phobia, clinical, anxiety &amp; disorder.</p> 2021-06-09T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies https://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/1938 TO COMPARE THE DURATION OF SURGERY IN SINGLE DOSE INTRAVENOUS ANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXIS OVER NO ANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXIS IN THE PREVENTION OF WOUND INFECTION FOLLOWING LICHTENSTEIN TENSION FREE INGUINAL HERNIOPLASTY 2021-06-06T09:28:01-04:00 Prteet Negi EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Priyanka Thakur EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Ramesh Bharti EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Amar Verma EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Rajesh Sharma EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Abhinav Sharma EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO <p>Background: We conducted a study to compare the duration of surgery in single dose intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis over no antibiotic prophylaxis in the prevention of wound infection following Lichtenstein tension free inguinal hernioplasty</p> <p>Methods: This prospective study was conducted in the Department of Surgery, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College Kangra at Tanda from May 2018 to December 2019after being approved by institutional protocol review committe and ethics committee.50 patients were included in the study.These patients were randomised into two groups i.e. Group A (Antibiotic Group) and Group B (Non-antibiotic Group).</p> <p>Results: The mean duration of surgery in Antibiotic group (Group-A) was 56.6±15.66 minutes whereas it was 50.2±9.62 minutes in Non-antibiotic group (Group-B). The mean duration of surgery was more in Antibiotic group (Group-A) as compared to Non-antibiotic group (Group-B), however the difference was not statistically significant (p= 0.088).&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>Conclusion: In our study, we concluded that statistically insignificant difference was found in the duration of surgery in Antibiotic and Non-antibiotic Group</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Duration of surgery, Antibiotic, Pre-operative</p> 2021-06-06T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies https://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/1936 TO STUDY RISK FACTOR OF PATIENTS OF ACS AGED < 45 YEARS ADMITTED IN CCU OF DEPARTMENT OF MEDICINE, I.G.MEDICAL COLLEGE, SHIMLA 2021-06-06T09:01:43-04:00 Fariduddin . EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Nihal Chand EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO <p>Background: To study risk factor of patients of ACS aged <u>&lt;</u> 45 years admitted in CCU of Department of Medicine, I.G.Medical College, Shimla.</p> <p>Methods: The hospital based observational study was carried out in patients of ACS aged <u>&lt; </u>45 years, admitted to Cardiac Care Unit (CCU) of Department of Medicine I.G. Medical College Shimla from 1<sup>st</sup> June 2013 to 31<sup>st</sup> May 2014.</p> <p>Results: Smoking was most significant risk factor associated with &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;ACS. Dyslipidemia (total cholesterol, LDL-C), alcohol abuse, hypertension, metabolic syndrome and Prediabetes/Diabetes Mellitus were other risk factors associated.</p> <p>Conclusion: In ACS in young, smoking was most common risk factor.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> ACS, LAD, Age, Sex.</p> 2021-06-06T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies https://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/1949 SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF PATIENTS UNDERGOING ELECTIVE LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY 2021-06-11T10:48:06-04:00 Suneet Katoch EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Mukesh Kumar Jamwal EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Sanjay Kumar EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO <p>Background: In this study we evaluate the socio-demographic profile of patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy</p> <p>Methods: The present study was conducted at Department of Surgery, Dr RPGMC Kangra at Tanda. The 50 patients admitted for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, aging less than 75 &nbsp;years of both the genders were included</p> <p>Results: In the present study, mean age of the patients was 44.12±11.56 years B.In our study, majority of the patients (30%) were in age-group of 41-50 years followed by patients in age-group of 31-40 years (26%). 14% of the study subjects were aged more than 60 years while only 4% patients aged less than 20 years. 40% of the patients were male while 60% of the patients were female. Male to female ratio in the present study was 0.75:1.</p> <p>Conclusion: We concluded that a maximum patient in our study was 41-50 yrs age group female.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Age, sex, Cholelithiasis, &nbsp;Cholecystectomy.</p> 2021-06-11T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies https://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/1947 HISTOPATHOLOGICAL SPECTRUM OF NON NEOPLASTIC AND NEOPLASTIC LESIONS OF UTEROCERVIX IN NORTH WEST RAJASTHAN 2021-06-11T09:50:06-04:00 Gajendra Singh Tanwar editor@ijmbs.info Vanita Kumar editor@ijmbs.info Mradul Varshney editor@ijmbs.info <p><strong>Background:</strong> The female genital tract includes the uterine corpus, cervix, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Women worldwide suffer from gynaecologic and obstetric disorders that require hysterectomy as a treatment option. Hysterectomy is a definite treatment of pelvic pathology including fibroid, abnormal heavy bleeding, chronic pelvic pain, endometriosis, adenomyosis, uterine prolapse, pelvic inflammatory disease and cancer of reproductive organs. Hysterectomy specimens contribute a major component of histopathological work in Pathology laboratories.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This is a prospective study carried out in the Department of Pathology, SPMC, Bikaner for two years from October 2018 to September 2020. All surgically excised hysterectomy specimens received by the department during study period were included in the study. Tissues were fixed and processed as per departmental protocols. Pieces taken from ectocervix, endocervix, uterine canal and fundus. Pieces also taken from any abnormal area. Tissue bits routinely processed 3 to 6 micron thick sections made from paraffin embedded blocks and were stained with H&amp;E stain.&nbsp; Special stains will be done whenever necessary.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> We included a total of 148 cases of hysterectomies received to our department during the study period in our study. Of total 148 cases, 87.83% hysterectomies were abdominal and 12.16% were vaginal and TAHBSO was the commonest procedure. In myometrium the most common finding was leiomyoma and adenomyosis with 79.73% and 43.92% cases respectively. In cervix, most cases were inflammatory lesions with chronic nonspecific cervicitis was the most common histopathological finding. Two cases (1.37%) of carcinoma cervix were reported.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Most of the cases which underwent hysterectomy were for symptomatic untreatable benign conditions and few for malignancies. Majority of the cases were histopathologically consistent with clinical diagnosis. Histopathological examination and its correlative study with preoperative clinical diagnosis is very important. Thus, histopathological examination is still the gold standard test to diagnose and rule out malignancy and must be compulsory for all the surgical specimens.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Hysterectomy, Uterocervix, Pathology</p> 2021-06-11T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies https://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/1939 TO STUDY THE SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE PATIENTS UNDERGOING LICHTENSTEIN TENSION FREE INGUINAL HERNIOPLASTY FOR FOR INGUINAL HERNIA 2021-06-06T10:05:12-04:00 Prteet Negi EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Priyanka Thakur EDITOR@IJMBS.COM Ramesh Bharti EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Amar Verma EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Rajesh Sharma EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Abhinav Sharma EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO <p>Background: All the hernias, 75% occurs in groin and inguinal hernia is the most common form of all. Acquired hernia can be direct, indirect or combination of both. In adult males 65% of inguinal hernias are indirect and 55% of them are right side.</p> <p>Methods: This prospective study was conducted in the Department of Surgery, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College Kangra at Tanda from May 2018 to December 2019after being approved by institutional protocol review committe and ethics committee.50 patients were included in the study.</p> <p>Results: In our study, the patients age ranged from 18 years to 87 years with a mean age of 50.26±15.76 years. 22 (44%) patients had inguinal hernia on right side</p> <p>Conclusion: We concluded that mostly patients were more than 50 yrs age group and right side.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Age, Site, Hernia</p> 2021-06-06T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies https://ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/1937 TO STUDY ECG FINDING IN PATIENTS OF ACS AGED < 45 YEARS ADMITTED IN CCU OF DEPARTMENT OF MEDICINE, I.G.MEDICAL COLLEGE, SHIMLA 2021-06-06T09:15:23-04:00 Fariduddin editor@ijmbs.info Nihal Chand editor@ijmbs.info <p><strong>Background:</strong> To study ECG finding of patients of ACS aged <u>&lt;</u> 45 years admitted in CCU of Department of Medicine, I.G.Medical College, Shimla .</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: The hospital based observational study was carried out in patients of ACS aged <u>&lt;</u> 45 years, admitted to Cardiac Care Unit (CCU) of Department of Medicine I.G. Medical College Shimla from 1<sup>st</sup> June 2013 to 31<sup>st</sup> May 2014.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> T wave inversion in most leads was commonest ECG finding present in 36(72%) of patients.ST depression was present in 32(64%) patients, ST elevation in 28(56%) patients and Q waves were seen in 11(22%) patients. Out of 50 patients, 39 had normal heart rate, 6 had bradycardia and 5 patients had tachycardia. Out of 6 patients with bradycardia 3 had STEMI, 1 had NSTEMI and 2 had USA. Out of 5 patients with tachycardia, 2 had STEMI and 3 had NSTEMI.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: In ACS in young, T wave inversion was most common finding.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> ACS, LAD, ECG.</p> 2021-06-06T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies