COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF LARYNGOSCOPES BLADES - MACINTOSH, MILLER AND MCCOY FOR LARYNGEAL VIEW AND PRESSOR RESPONSE
The laryngoscopy is known to have profound cardiovascular effects. This includes pressor response and tachycardia along with an increase in catecholamine concentration, mainly norepinephrine. The major cause of the sympathoadrenal response is believed to arise from stimulation of supraglottic region by laryngoscopic blade with tracheal tube placement and cuff inflation contributing little additional stimulation. Complications of pressor respo laryngoscopy include myocardial ischemia, cardiac failure, intracranial haemorrhage and increase in intracranial pressure. Hence the present study planned to evaluate the laryngeal view and pressor response by using three different blades – Macintosh, McCoy and Miller laryngoscopes.
The study was planned in the Department of Anaesthesia in Andaman and Nicobar Islands Institute of Medical Science (ANIIMS), Port Blair India, From Jun 2016 to Jun 2017 . The 30 patient undergoing the Laryngoscopy were enrolled in the present study. For the 10 patients using the Macintosh Blade were divided in Group I. The next 10 patients using the Miller blade were considered in the Group II. The remaining 10 patients were studied by use of McCoy blade.
The results in our study show that the MacCoy laryngoscope blade improves the visualization of the larynx and significantly attenuates haemodynamic parameters during laryngoscopy and intubation as compared to that with Macintosh laryngoscope blade.
Keywords: Laryngoscopy, Intubation, pressor response, Macintosh, miller and Mccoy laryngoscopes, etc