PROFILE OF OSTEOPOROTIC FRACTURES
Keywords:osteoporotic fractures, BMI, Vitamin D, alchohol abuse, calcium
Introduction: Osteoporosis is a widespread global disorder characterized by decreased bone mass and altered bone architecture, resulting in increased fragility of the bone and an increased risk of fracture. The prevalence of osteoporosis is projected to rise dramatically in the future due to ageing of population. Leading to increased risk of fracture, osteoporosis is defined as a disorder of skeleton which is characterized by weak strength of bones according to National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Panel. According to the criteria laid by World Health Organization (WHO). There are various causes of osteoporosis which includes growing older with age, rheumatoid arthritis, lower body mass index, gender, premature ovarian failure, deficiency of vitamin D, alchohol abuse, poor consumption of calcium, medications. Osteoporosis sometimes may not be diagnosed until occurrence of fracture since it is a silent disease.
Material and Methods: The study group which comprised of cases was subjects with osteoporotic fractures above 45 years of age having any one or combination of fractions mentioned below: Thoraco-lumbar spine, distal radius, proximal femur, proximal humerus, mechanism of low-energy trauma. Patients with high-energy trauma or fractures, road side accidents and/or below 45 years of age were not included in this study. The control group comprised of subjects above 45 years of age suffering from osteoarthritis.
Results: Majority of females were observed in cases as well as controls in present studies with number of females in cases being 21 in cases while 18 in controls among 30 subjects belonging to each group. It is observed that among all fractures in cases which were included in present study, majority of fractures were proximal femur which accounted for 43% of total fractures followed by distal radius 30%, proximal humerus 20% and thoraco-lumbar spine 7%.
Conclusion: Compromised by strength of bone leading to an increased fracture risk, osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder. Older patients, females, patients with higher BMI and weighed more had a greater proportion of osteoporotic fractures.
Keywords: osteoporotic fractures, BMI, Vitamin D, alchohol abuse, calcium.