INCIDENCE OF ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT INJURY AND OTHER LIGAMENT INJURIES OF KNEE AMONG THE PATIENTS ATTENDING TERTIARY CARE CENTRE AT MUMBAI- A PROSPECTIVE STUDY
Keywords:Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury, Ligament Injuries of Knee, Tertiary Care Centre, Epidemiological Data, Arthroscopy
Aim: Our aim in this research is to provide descriptive epidemiological data; study the prevalence as well gain knowledge of the management of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament and other knee ligament injuries in a medical college at Mumbai.
Methods: The criterion that is included in the questionnaire are age, gender, nationality, whether sports was practiced and key questions that revolves about injury to the knee ligaments such as previous tear in the ligaments of the knee, which ligament was injured; Anterior cruciate Ligament (ACL), Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL), Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL), and Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL). Injured knee; right, left or both, type of cruciate ligament injury; partial or complete tear, management used; surgical or physiotherapy, duration of healing time; less than 3 months, 3 to 6 months or more than 6 months and lastly was sports practiced after injury.
Results: The Characteristics of responders with cruciate ligament injury, the age group varied between the ages of 46- 50 years-old with the mean of the ages (Standard Deviation) 38.0 ± 12.2 years. The majority of the cases studied where males with a percentage and a female percentage. We have also observed that (89.2%) of the people practice sports in comparison to (10.8%) that responded to “No” in whether or not they practice sports. The results also shows the Characteristics of responders with anterior cruciate ligament injuries regarding the affected site and the type of ligament injured. The incidence of the affected knee side was (51.4%) for the right leg and (35.1%) for the left leg. The prevalence of both legs being injured was (13.5%).
Conclusion: It is significantly showing that management with surgery take longer time compared to management with physiotherapy.
Keywords: Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury, Ligament Injuries of Knee, Tertiary Care Centre, Epidemiological Data, Arthroscopy
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