THE PATTERN OF CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT (CVA) WITH THEIR ASSOCIATED FACTORS FOR THE PEOPLE UNDER 45 YEARS OF AGE AT BANGLADESH
Background: In Bangladesh many people are suffering from CVA in a very early age due to increase of certain associated factors. This study explores the factors associated with cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and the factors associated with stroke among the people under 45 years of age.
Methods: A descriptive type of cross sectional study of 109 participants was conducted. The sample was selected by using purposive sampling technique. Data was collected from participants through face to face interview. Descriptive study was used for data analysis.
Results: Majorities (64.2%) of the respondent were males, 65.1 % were Muslim, 60.6 % up to secondary level of education and almost half of the respondents (45.5%) from urban area. More than half of the participants (68.8%) were from nuclear family. Majority (31.2 %) of the respondent’s monthly family expenditure was between 5001 to 10000 taka. The present study observed the highest age at onset of stroke was 31-40 years. A significant association between diabetes mellitus and the type of stroke (p=.047), high blood pressure (p=.049) and body mass index (p=.037). Also cholesterol level was not significant but a weak association (p=.560) present between them. This study did not find any association between the type of stroke and educational status (p=.738), smoking status (p=.414), age (p=.628), occupation (p=.265), alcohol consumption (p=.910), physical activity (p=.875), intake vegetable (p=.323), fatty food (p=.992) and salt (p=.146). Therefore, a further large scale study is recommended to find out the factors associated with patter of stroke among the people under 45 years of age.
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