PREVALENCE OF LEIOMYOSARCOMA OF UTERUS: A THREE YEAR RETROSPECTIVE STUDY
Keywords:Uterine leiomyosarcoma, uterine fibroid.
Background: leiomyosarcoma of uterus are notorious for their aggressive nature and poor prognosis. The relative rarity of uterine leiomyosarcomas, as well as their pathological diversity, hinders studies aimed at improving understanding of the disease and makes it difficult to define the optimum management.
Methods: This retrospective study is conducted over a period of three year from January 2017 to December 2020. All the hysterectomy specimens received at the Department of Pathology were processed and included in the study during the study period. We report here the Prevalence of leiomyosarcoma of uterus at Bikaner region.
Results: We received a total of 952 hysterectomy specimens at Department of Pathology during the study period. Out of which 546 were operated and sent with the clinical diagnosis of uterine fibroid. Two patients were diagnosed with histopathological features of leiomyosarcoma which is 0.37% of all uterine fibroids and 0.21% of all hysterectomies at Bikaner region.
Conclusion: Uterine leiomyosarcomas are rare but highly malignant tumors which are difficult to diagnose preoperatively and mostly mimic clinical features of benign uterine fibroids. The leiomyosarcomas show poor prognosis. This makes it important to investigate uterine malignancies histopathologically to rule out leiomyosarcomas so that appropriate treatment can be started early.
Keywords: Uterine leiomyosarcoma, uterine fibroid.
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