BLOOD LOSS IN LAPAROSCOPIC NEPHRECTOMY -AN INITIAL EXPERIENCE IN IGMC, SHIMLA
Keywords:Laparoscopy, Nephrectomy, Blood loss
Background: Laparoscopic nephrectomy has been established as the standard of care for the management of benign non-functioning kidneys and has gained worldwide popularity over the past decade.Methods: This study was conducted in the Department of General surgery, Indira Gandhi medical college, Shimla on 20 selected patients of benign non functional kidney admitted for elective Laparoscopic Nephrectomy between July 2018 to June 2019
Results: Less than 100 ml of blood was lost in 3(15%) of the patient. 100 to 200 ml was lost in 9(45%) and in 3(15%) patients 200 to 300 ml blood was lost and 5 (25%) had blood loss more than 300 ml. The mean blood loss in successful laparoscopic nephrectomy was 129 +123 ml and in lap converted to open was 435.7 + 174.9 ml. which is significantly less in successful lap nephrectomy which is statistically significant with a p-value of o.oo3
Conclusion: Mean blood loss in laparoscopic nephrectomy was 145 +144 ml and in converted cases, it was 350+200 ml. mean blood loss in hydronephrotic kidney was 145+ 144.2 ml in pyonephrotic kidney 325+ 318 in end stage nephrolithiasis 350+ 200 ml .There was more blood loss in ESRD and pyonephrotic kidney due to dense adhesion whereas blood loss is less in hydronephrotic kidney due to well maintained plane for dissection .
Keywords: Laparoscopy, Nephrectomy, Blood loss
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