STUDY OF THYROID FUNCTION IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS OF MALWA REGION.
Keywords:Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Thyroid dysfunction
Background: Thyroid disorders and diabetes mellitus are two common endocrine disorders that are commonly encountered in clinical practice. The relationship between thyroid disease and diabetes is important for physicians to understand in order to provide the best treatment for both conditions. The aim of this study was to assess thyroid function in Type2 Diabetes Mellitus patients of malwa region and raise awareness about thyroid dysfunction in newly diagnosed T2DM patients.
Methods: In this case control study, a total of 200 subjects were chosen. Group I consisted of 100 diagnosed type 2 diabetes cases and Group II 100 sex matched stable controls. After receiving informed consent, patients were enrolled. Thyroid dysfunction in Type2 diabetes mellitus was assessed using biochemical parameters such as fasting plasma glucose, total triiodothyronine T3, total thyroxine T4, and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH).
Results: When diabetic patients were compared to healthy controls, their fasting blood glucose and serum TSH levels were substantially higher. In these two classes, however, there was no substantial difference in serum T3 and T4 levels. The findings suggest that diabetic patients have subclinical hypothyroidism as opposed to the control group in the study population
Conclusion: From this current study it has been observed that thyroid function levels were altered in Diabetes mellitus patients, especially TSH levels. so it is suggested that diabetes mellitus patients should be screened for thyroid function studies on a regular basis to prevent further complications of thyroid dysfuction.
Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Thyroid dysfunction.
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