A RARE CASE OF VALENTINO SYNDROME- CASE REPORT
Background: Valentino’s syndrome refers to acute abdomen with clinical presentation mimicking acute appendicitis in a Perforated gastric or duodenal ulcer. This occurs when suppurative fluid from duodenal perforation trickles down the paracolic gutter to the right iliac fossa causing peritonitis locally and causes periappendicitis. Less than 50 cases have been reported in literature of the same.
Case report and discussion: A 42-year-old male was admitted to the general surgery department with pain in the right iliac fossa and epigastric region. A diagnostic laparoscopy was performed under the suspicion of Acute appendicitis, which was later converted to open laparotomy on finding a perforated duodenal ulcer.
Review of Literature: Valentino syndrome is a rare condition in which a duodenal ulcer mimics acute appendicitis which is a diagnosed intraoperatively and managed surgically.
Although the exact incidence is unknown, less than 50 cases have been reported worldwide. The first incidence reports back to 1926 when an Italian actor, Rodolfo Valentino who succumbed to this rare disease and it was named after him.
Conclusion: Differential diagnosis of duodenal ulcer perforation should be considered for adult patient with diagnosis of acute appendicitis. X ray erect abdomen and diagnostic laparoscopy can help to overcome foot in mouth situation due to missed duodenal ulcer perforation.
Keywords: Valentino syndrome.
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