Purpose: To find the outcome of autologous limbal conjunctival transplantation in terms of recurrence rate, as the main outcome measure and complications as the secondary outcome.
Methods: The present study retrospective study conducted from a tertiary eye care hospital. Pterygium excision with limbal conjunctival autograft from the affected eye was performed for primary pterygium. Secondary pterygia resulting from inflammation, trauma and other diseases were excluded. Patients were followed up for 18 months for recurrence and other complications.
Results: A total of 36 eyes of 36 patients with primary pterygia from November 2016 and October 2017 were included in the study. The study recruited 19 (52.7%) males and 17 (47.2%) females with mean age of 38.2 ±10.42 years. Pterygium was diagnosed more commonly in left eye(55.5%) as compare to right eye(44.4%). Out of 36 cases 32 (88.8%) cases of nasal and 4 (11.1%) cases of temporal pterygium noted. Out of 36 cases Graft edema in 1 (2.7%) case, graft retraction in 2 (5.5%) cases and 1 (2.7%) case of granuloma were noted. Any kind of pterygium recurrence and graft necrosis was not noted in present study.
Conclusions: Pterygium excision with autologous limbal conjunctival autograft is safe and effective method to treat primary pterygium.