Emergency Management of Symphysis and Right Angle of Mandible Fracture with Laceration Wound at Buccal and Submental Region: A Case Report
Introduction: Fracture of the mandible is a case that is quite commonly found in the ER of The Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department at Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung, fractures of the mandible rank second to fractures of the facial area because it is a prominent bone that is located at the edge and position in the lower third of the face. Emergency management aims to take any appropriate action, prevent complications, and consult other departments involved.
Objective: To explain the emergency management of symphysis and right angle of mandible fracture with laceration wound at buccal and submental region.
Case report: A manage 21 year came with bleeding from the mouth due to a motorcycle accident approximately 24 hours before admission to the hospital. Physical examination showed asymmetrical face, edema at right cheek region, laceration wound at right cheek and chin region, and multiple abrasive wound at facial region. There were steps, crepitus on symphysis, and right angle of mandible region. Intraoral examination showed laceration wounds on the gingiva.
Case management: The laceration area is then sutured both intraoral and extraoral followed by the application of closed reduction in the mandible with interdental wiring at the lower jaw aiming to prevent infection and malunion. The management of soft tissue and hard tissue injury is by reduction, fixation, and immobilization of fractures, management of pain, and administration of antibiotics.
Conclusion: The emergency management of symphysis and right angle of mandible fracture with laceration wound at the buccal and submental region is promptly and rapidly carried out with minimal intervention by using closed reduction method gave good results in stability and function before definitive treatment.
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