The two major varieties are Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. Plasmodium falciparum is the most wide spread and dangerous of the four. Rajasthan also provides favourable environment to mosquitoes. Kota lies on latitude – 25°10` N & longitude – 75°50` with the intervention of Chambal river coming from Madhyapradesh and running throughout Kota city irrigating various rural areas via man made channels. Kota has also been a favourite place for mosquito breeding & hence a record of malaria & dengue cases reported are more from neighbouring Bundi (Roteda) & Kota city in comparison to other districts of Rajasthan. In Kota city maximum cases of malaria occur during August to October. The mosquitoes are more active in humid atmosphere. The rainy season falls between June to September. Rainfall provides water for mosquito breeding as well as increases humidity of the atmosphere for survival of the mosquitoes.
Key words: Mosquito-borne diseases, anopheline, mosquitoes and malaria.