Background: The current focus of research is on polypharmacy and the presence of unnecessary medications in the treatment and also the cost of the unnecessary medications.
Objectives: To find out the prevalence of polypharmacy in geriatric patients, reasons for unnecessary drug therapy, the cost of unnecessary drug therapy and to check the quality of life of the patients.
Methodology: A total of 200 patients were included and the study was conducted in the department of General Medicine. The participants enrolled in the study involve inpatients only after filling a properly written informed consent. The data is collected in a pre-designed data collection form.
Results: The study showed that of the 200 cases collected, 54% were female patients most of them falling under the age group of 60-65yrs. Of the 200 patients 43.5% received more than 5 drugs per prescription. The reason found for unnecessary drug therapy is therapeutic duplication with mostly prescribed class of drug as Antibiotics. Total expense of unnecessary drug therapy is equal to INR.21.641.
Conclusion: Prevention of unnecessary drug therapy problem can be conducted through reduction of drug use. It is recommended to eliminate all medications without therapeutic benefit, goal or indication. Prevention of unnecessary drug therapy will also contribute in cost saving among elderly patients.
Keywords: Polypharmacy, Unnecessary medications, Geriatric population, Cost saving.