STUDY OF LIPID PROFILE IN DIABETIC MELLITUS IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic disorder which is characterized by increase blood glucose level resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both and disturbances of carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism. Worldwide With an increasing incidence of DM may be a likely leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the future[i]. It is well known that dyslipidemia is a major risk factor for macrovascular complications with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) which affects 10%-73% of this population. It is well known that dyslipidemia is a major risk factor for macrovascular complications with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) which affects 10%-73% of this population. Dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia are results of Insulin resistance and obesity combine cause and have additive cardiovascular risk. Therefore identification, critical evaluation and follow-up of serum lipid profile is important in DM continuously. One of the study showed that prevalence of dyslipidemia in diabetes mellitus is 95%. Major risk factor for Coronary Heart Disease is dyslipidemia. In DM patients cardiovascular disease is a cause of morbidity and mortality because of disturbance in lipoproteins i.e. serum triglycerides (TC) 69%, serum cholesterol 56.6%, Low Density Lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) 77% and High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) 71%.
AIM: The main aim of this study is to know the lipid profile in Diabetics mellitus (DM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Total 100 patients with DM were included in this study during the period of 1 year. During the study period 100 normal healthy people without DM were also included as control study. From all the patients detail histories were taken as well as relevant clinical examination with routine investigations were also done. All the patients were for at least 12-14 hours overnight fasting and 5ml venous blood was collected in a disposable syringe on next morning (before breakfast) for the serum lipid profile and fasting blood sugar.
RESULT: In this study out of 100 diabetic patients 48 (48%) were males and 52 (52%) were females. 70% of DM patients showed high serum cholesterol level and all persons had normal serum cholesterol level in control group. 75% of DM patients showed high serum triglyceride level (>150mg/dl). 39% of DM patients showed Serum LDL level was high (>160 mg/dl). 85% of DM patients showed low (<40 mg/dl) serum HDL value.
CONCLUSION: In DM patients lipid abnormalities in diabetes are raised serum cholesterol, raised triglycerides, and raised serum LDL and low serum HDL. Therefore there is important impact of dyslipidemia on cardio vascular complications required complete attention throughout the course of disease. Hence early screening of diabetic patients for dyslipidemia and intervention is necessary to minimize the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
KEYWORDS: Diabetes mellitus (DM), dyslipidemia, cholesterol, triglyceride