OVERWEIGHT, OBESITY AND GLYCEMIC CONTROL IN DIABETICS AT THE PROVINCIAL REFERENCE CENTER FOR DIABETES
Keywords:Diabetes, prevalence, BMI, overweight, Glycosylated hemoglobin, fasting blood sugar
AbstractIntroduction: Diabetes is defined as a disorder in the assimilation, use and storage of sugars provided by food, its management is ensured by monitoring overweight and obesity and regular glycemic control. Methods: The study took place over a period of one year from January to December 2015.The evaluation of overweight and obesity was carried out by calculating the Body Mass Index, weight and height were measured according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO), Glycemic control was performed by blood analysis of glycosylated hemoglobin and fasting blood glucose. Results: The age range of patients is between 8 months and 80 years, with a dominance of diabetics from urban areas (74%) compared to those from rural areas (26%). Overweight affects all of this population. The average BMI of women tends towards obesity (IMC?30): (29.21 Kg / m 2 ± 3.1) for gestational diabetes and (29.15 Kg / m 2± 3.2) for type 2 diabetes. The glycemic control values are above the norms. The difference between the values of glycosylated hemoglobin between men (8.5 7% ± 2.6) and women (8.1% ± 2.3) is not significant (P> 0.05) Conclusion:All diabetics have BMI and glycemic control values above the norms. In-depth research is needed on these diabetics in order to establish an urgent program of remediation.
Keywords: Diabetes, prevalence, BMI, overweight, Glycosylated hemoglobin, fasting blood sugar
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